|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication:||2012|
|Authors:||S. Blackmore, Takahashi, M., Uehara, K., Wortley, A. H.|
|Pagination:||84 - 96|
|Keywords:||exospore, perispore, sporoderm development|
Microspore and megaspore development in Isoetes japonica was studied using light, scanning electron and transmission electron microscopy. Differences in cytokinesis following meiosis result in monolete microspores with bilateral symmetry, and trilete megaspores with radial symmetry. Wall development follows essentially the same sequence in both microspores and megaspores, but with the wall of the latter being very much thicker. A significant difference was observed in the tetrad stage, when microspores have an essentially rounded outline with the plasma membrane folded into a crest at the site of the future aperture. Megaspores in the tetrad stage are strongly invaginated over their entire surface, creating numerous crests, and this appears to have a role in determining the morphology of the perispore. The outline shape of the megaspore perispore having been established in the tetrad stage, most of its substance is added later and is derived from the degenerating tapetum. © 2012 Copyright 2012 Collegium Palynologicum Scandinavicum.